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Object types and render layers

To achieve specific compositing effects, objects can be rendered differently within our compositing pipeline.

Learn more about Compositing and rendering

Objects can be converted between object types/render layers by

  • right-clicking them in the 3D view or the World Outliner and selecting the new type

  • using the Render Layer dropdown in the object’s Details panel

Changing object types/render layers might change its material and other values. Check the Render Layer tooltip below for more details.

Render layers


  • The object is rendered behind the video even if the object is in front of a Compositing Plane

  • To improve performance, for example when using Nanite meshes, use this render layer on objects which are always behind the video

Foreground (default)

  • This is the default for all objects

  • The object is rendered in front of the video


  • It renders objects with translucency and possible refraction in front of the video without anti-aliasing the video

Opaque Holdout

  • A holdout object prevents any AR object from occluding the video backplate in the region where it is placed

  • This makes it appear that AR objects pass behind that section of the video backplate

  • The object itself is not rendered

Translucent Holdout

  • Same as Opaque Holdout, but controls the translucency using a gradient based material

  • This can be used to provide a feathered edge to a holdout object to soften the blending

  • The default material gives a radial gradient

  • Note: The selection of this type is only possible through the World Outliner

How to set up a custom linear gradient
  1. Right click the 3D object and click "Convert object to Translucent Holdout"

  2. Create a copy of the "ARTranslucentHoldout" material in your project

  3. Open the copied material

  4. Add a "TextureCoordinate" and a "BreakOutFloat2Components" node and chain them into "Emissive Color" connector of the material

  5. To continue the holdout, just put an "Opaque Holdout" next to it

For debugging

  1. Go to "World Settings" → "Pixotope World"

  2. Set the "Visualization Mode" to "Feathering Mask"

AR Shadow, Reflection & Light Catcher

  • It renders shadows and reflections that are cast onto this object

  • Can be illuminated by scene lights

  • The object itself is not rendered

  • These are typically floors or walls where you want to catch shadows and reflections to be composited on top of the video

AR Ambient Occlusion Excluder

  • In the area the volume covers, ambient occlusion will not be rendered

  • This can be used on intersecting shadow-catcher planes

AR Shadow Excluder

  • In the area the volume covers, no shadows are rendered

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